PENGARUH DAN PERANAN KYAI DALAM MENGAWAL KERUKUNAN UMAT BERAGAMA DI KOTA TASIKMALAYA

  • Ujang Hidayatulloh Fakultas Syariah IAIC Tasikmalaya
Keywords: Influence, Role of Clerics, Cross of Diversity, Society and Government

Abstract

Kyai is a designation for the ulama of the Archipelago which is celebrated because it has sufficient knowledge and charismatic as the majority religious figure to use the terminology and call "KYAI" in the midst of the community and is seen to be regulated in social, religious and social life which is highly respected and emulated by the community so that it plays an important role in community empowerment. This happens because the Kyai is part of the social elite or a part of the political elite, where the strategic position and claimed to have a strong influence even have legal authority and power both institutionally and by the government to unite the people in facing various challenges, obstacles and threats manifest from certain groups both inside and outside. But most of the people are not aware of the role, influence and contribution of the Kyai, it is not easy for the people to easily forget and not take care of uswah and mandate and even harass the Kyai. Empirically, there are many academic and non-academic relics left to the nation, for example pesantren, both formal and non-formal educational facilities including ritual worship facilities and public facilities. The role of the Kyai in terms of social, religious and community was partly abandoned, because he was displaced by the influence of foreign cultures that unconsciously forced to be followed, even though many Kyai roles had special values ​​contained therein. Likewise, the role of Kiai, especially in Tasikmalaya City since the establishment of Tasikmalaya City Government until now is inseparable from its role and influence. This study aims to determine the extent and role of Kyai in Tasikmalaya City, among others: 1) The role of the Kiai in guarding religious harmony. and live in a society. 2) Supporting and inhibiting factors of Kyai in guarding religious and community harmony in life. This research is a descriptive analytic study with a qualitative approach. The subjects of this study were Kyai, Pesanteren and Society who live in Tasikmalaya City. Data collection is done by using methods of observation, interviews and documentation. Researchers are the main instrument in conducting research, which is assisted by research statements, research questions sources and methods. The results showed that: 1) The role and influence of Kyai in guarding and maintaining religious and community life harmony, as religious leaders, managers, political elites, motivators and providers of learning service facilities. 2) The supporting factors of Kyai in maintaining harmony in religious and community life are the acceptance and trust of the community regarding the existence of Kyai and the existence of funds, both grants and non-binding assistance for the implementation of the program; while the limiting factors are the lack of trust from the public and the lack of government attention

References

Arwani, Wawan. (2014). Kiai Pesantren dan Kontribusinya dalam Mengembangkan Pluralitas Keberagamaan dan Toleransi di Kabupaten Cirebon. Dalam Jurnal Edukasi Holistik, vol. 15. (1), 37 halaman. Tersedia: dihttp://syekhnurjati.ac.id/holistik/ article/html. (diunduh 3 April 2018).
Dhofier, Zamakhsyari. 1994. Tradisi Pesantren, Studi tentang Pandangan Hidup Kiai. Jakarta: LP3ES.
Esposito, John. L. 2002. Tokoh-tokoh Gerakan Islam Kontemporer. terj. Sugeng Hariyanto. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.
Hadi, Sutrisno. 1993. Metodologi Research. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Psikologi UGM.
Horikoshi, Hiroko. 1987. Kiai dan Perubahan Sosial. Jakarta: P3M.
Sugiyono. 2009. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Sukmadinata. 2006. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya.
Surachmad, Winarno. 2003. Pengantar Penelitian Ilmiah. Bandung: Tarsito.
Suryabrata, Sumadi. 1992. Metodologi Penelitian. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.
Team, A. A. (2012). Anne Ahira. Diambil kembali dari www.anneahira.com.http://www.anneahira.com/penelitiandeskriptifkualitatif.html
Tholhah, Abu. 1980. Kerukunan Antar Umat Beragama. Semarang: IAIN Walisonngo.
Published
2018-10-05
How to Cite
Hidayatulloh, U. (2018). PENGARUH DAN PERANAN KYAI DALAM MENGAWAL KERUKUNAN UMAT BERAGAMA DI KOTA TASIKMALAYA. MUTAWASITH, 1(2), 17-31. Retrieved from http://jurnal.iailm.ac.id/index.php/mutawasith/article/view/76
Section
Articles