HUKUM PRAKTEK GADAI TANAH SAWAH DALAM PERSPEKTIF FIQIH MUAMALAH DI DUSUN SINDANGRASA DESA SINDANGBARANG KECAMATAN PANUMBANGAN KABUPATEN CIAMIS
The practice of pawning has existed since the time of Rasullullah Saw. And even the Prophet himself practiced it, and so on until now, the practice of pawning is still carried out by the people. Studies of whether or not the practice of pawning has been discussed by many scholars, including the four priests of the school. The views of the scholars regarding the possibility of pawning are almost the same but there are still some differences in terms of the permissibility of the use of pledged goods by the recipient of the pawn (murtahin). This study aims to determine the law of fiqh muamalah against the practice of paddy field pawns conducted by the community of Sindangrasa Hamlet, Sindangbarang Village, whether it is in accordance with the provisions shari'a or not. Because as mentioned above, there are still differences of opinion among the scholars about the use of these pledged goods. The method used in writing this essay is a qualitative research method. This research is based on the utilization of pledged goods in this case the paddy land is taken advantage of by the lender. Most scholars argue that pawn items that may be used by them are only livestock that can be ridden or milked because of the cost of maintenance. While for the utilization of pledged goods by the recipient of pledges other than those already mentioned above, most ulama forbid them to be considered detrimental to one party.