ANALISIS ZAKAT PRODUKTIF TERHADAP INDEKS KEMISKINAN, NILAI MATERIAL DAN SPIRITUAL PARA MUSTAHIK

  • MOHAMAD ANWAR Sekolah Tinggi Ekonomi Islam (STEI) Al-Ishlah Cirebon
Keywords: productive zaka, poverty, material and spiritual values

Abstract

Zakat as one of the monetary and social instruments of Islam has a big enough role to be able to overcome the problem of poverty. Zakat Center Cirebon is one of the Amil Zakat Institutions (LAZ) which is quite large and has a good track record in the collection and utilization of zakat in region III Cirebon. The distribution and utilization of zakat funds by the Zakat Center in Cirebon are included in the fields of economics, education, health, social and da'wah. The collected zakat funds represent a huge potential tobe utilized primarily in accelerating government programs in terms of reducing the number of poor people. The objectives of this study are (1) To analyze changes in income of mustahik households after receiving productive zakat funds from the Cirebon Zakat Center and (2) to identify the material and spiritual value characteristics of mustahik after obtaining productive zakat funds from the Cirebon Zakat Center based on the CIBEST model. This research uses a quantitative approach with data collection techniques in the form of observation, interviews and questionnaires. The statistical test and data analysis used are paired data t test and the CIBEST model. The results showed that household income mustahik after getting productive zakat funds experienced a significant change. Before the donation of zakat funds, the average income of mustahik households was Rp. 1,110,563, -and after receiving zakat funds, the average income of mustahik households rose to Rp. 1,653,000, -This means an increase in the average income of mustahik households by Rp. 542,437, -Based on the CIBEST model, the characteristics of the material and spiritual value of mustahik after receiving productive zakat funds from the Cirebon Zakat Center are changing. After the provision of zakat funds, the number of mustahik households in the prosperous household category (quadrant I) increased by 47.50 percent. Whereas the number of mustahik households classified as material poor (quadrant II) decreased by 25.00 percent. Likewise, the number of mustahik households included in the category of spiritual poor (quadrant III) and absolute poor (quadrant IV) decreased by 54.55 percent and 90.91 percent, respectively.Keywords:productive zakat, poverty, material and spiritual valuesABSTRAKZakat sebagaisalah satu instrumen moneter dan sosial Islam memiliki peranan yang cukup besar untuk dapat mengatasi masalah kemiskinan. Zakat Center Cirebon    

References

Badan Pusat Statistik [BPS] Provinsi Jawa Barat. 2016. Jumlah Penduduk Miskin dan Garis Kemiskinan Kota/Kab Ciayumajakuning. BPS Jawa Barat. Bandung.Beik IS, Arsyianti LD. 2015. Construction of CIBEST Model as Measurement of Poverty and Welfare Indicesfrom Islamic Perspective. Al-iqtishadVol VII No 1.Beik IS. 2009. Analisis Peran Zakat dalam Mengurangi Kemiskinan: Studi Kasus Dompet Dhuafa Republika. Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gagasan. Al-iqtishadVol 2.Zakat Center Thoriqotul Jannah Cirebon. 2017. Laporan Pertanggungjawaban Zakat Center Thoriqotul Jannah Cirebon. Cirebon.
Published
2019-09-05
How to Cite
ANWAR, M. (2019). ANALISIS ZAKAT PRODUKTIF TERHADAP INDEKS KEMISKINAN, NILAI MATERIAL DAN SPIRITUAL PARA MUSTAHIK. MUTAWASITH, 1(2), 89-112. Retrieved from http://jurnal.iailm.ac.id/index.php/mutawasith/article/view/113
Section
Articles